Historic maritime borders under the mediation of the United Nations to demarcate the borders between Lebanon and Israel

The speaker of the Lebanese parliament said a “framework” had been agreed for the negotiations, which will take place under the auspices of the UN.
Lebanon and Israel are to hold talks to end a long-running maritime border dispute between the two countries, which remain formally at war.
Israel’s energy minister said the talks would begin after mid-October.
The US welcomed what it called an “historic agreement” following almost three years of mediation.
“This offers the potential for greater stability, security, and prosperity for citizens in both nations,” Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tweeted.
Lebanon and Israel have declared overlapping boundaries in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, and a resolution of the dispute would allow them to exploit offshore natural gas fields.
The neighbouring states have technically remained at war since the Arab-Israeli conflict of 1948-49.
While there is no agreed land border between them, they are committed to a ceasefire along the so-called Blue Line.
The boundary was drawn up by the UN after Israeli forces withdrew from southern Lebanon in 2000, ending 22 years of occupation.
It is one of the region’s tensest frontiers, where Israel forces face those of the Lebanese army and the Shia militant group, Hezbollah, and peacekeepers from the UN Interim Force In Lebanon (Unifil) attempt to maintain calm.
In 2006, Israel and Hezbollah fought a month-long war that killed some 1,190 Lebanese and 163 Israelis. The conflict ended in a UN-brokered ceasefire.
Lebanese Parliamentary Speaker Nabih Berri speaks at a news conference in Beirut on 1 October 2020
image captionNabih Berri read out a copy of the framework agreement at a news conference in Beirut
Lebanese Parliamentary Speaker Nabih Berri – who heads the Shia Amal movement, an ally of Hezbollah – told reporters in Beirut on Thursday that the border talks would take place at the headquarters of Unifil in the southern Lebanese coastal town of Naqoura.
Mr Berri read out a copy of the framework agreement, which he stressed was “not a final one”.
“This framework agreement draws the way for the Lebanese negotiator, which will be the Lebanese army with its efficient leadership and its specialised officers, sponsored by the Lebanese president and any future government.”
Mr Berri said the agreement was reached before the US imposed sanctions on several Lebanese politicians. They included one of his senior aides, outgoing Finance Minister Ali Hassan Khalil, who the US accused of providing material support to Hezbollah and engaging in corruption.
Israeli Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz, who will lead the Israeli delegation, said the “direct negotiations” were expected to start after the Jewish festival of Sukkot ends on 10 October.
“Our goal is to bring an end to the dispute over the demarcation of economic water between Israel and Lebanon in order to assist in the development of natural resources for the benefit of all the peoples of the region,” he added.
An aerial view shows the newly arrived foundation platform of Leviathan natural gas field, in the Mediterranean Sea, off the coast of Haifa, Israel (31 January 2019)
image captionIsrael is developing natural gas fields in the Mediterranean Sea
The announcement comes only weeks after Israel and two Gulf Arab states signed US-brokered agreements to normalise their relations. 
It also follows a massive explosion in Lebanon’s capital in August that killed almost 200 people and caused as much as $4.6bn (£3.6bn) of physical damage to buildings and infrastructure.
The disaster, which is still under investigation, happened when a fire triggered the detonation of 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate that had been stored unsafely at the city’s port.
Lebanon was already reeling from an economic crisis that had caused its currency to collapse, driven up unemployment and plunged many into poverty.
The government resigned in the wake of the Beirut blast and Western powers are demanding that its replacement implement reforms to unlock financial aid.
On Saturday, Prime Minister-designate Mustapha Adib stepped aside after failing to agree a cabinet line-up. His difficulties reportedly centred on Amal and Hezbollah, who demanded the right to nominate some ministers.

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