Macron calls on U.S. and Iran to return to the negotiating table to avoid “dangers of flare-up” in gulf region

French President Emmanuel Macron says Iran, the United States, the remaining parties to the landmark 2015 Iran nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), as well as Persian Gulf states should engage in talks, demanding preservation of the atomic agreement.

“Well more than ever, I very sincerely and profoundly believe that the time has come to resume negotiations between the United States of America, Iran, the signatories of the JCPOA, and the countries of the region which are first and foremost affected by the security and stability,” Macron said in a speech at the 74th session of the UN General Assembly in New York on Tuesday.
The French leader then laid out four conditions for such talks.
“So what should be the conditions, the terms, the goals and the targets of these negotiations? First of all, the certainty that Iran never acquired developed nuclear weapons. Secondly, a solution to a crisis in Yemen.

“Thirdly, a regional security plan, which also incorporates the other crises of the region and security of maritime navigation. And finally, a lifting of economic sanctions. I’m not naive at all and I don’t believe in miracles. I believe that it takes courage to build peace. And that is why it’s important for the United States, Iran and the signatories of this agreement to show this courage,” Macron noted.
He said he as neither naive nor believed in miracles, but said it was time to build peace.
“It takes courage to build peace,” Macron said, adding that he would continue his recent efforts to bring all sides to the negotiating table.
France, Britain urge Iran’s Rouhani to meet Trump
Separately, Macron said it would be a lost opportunity if Iranian President Hassan Rouhani left the United States without meeting his American counterpart Donald Trump.
“What is important is that if he leaves the country without meeting with President Trump, this is a lost opportunity. Because he will not come back in a few months. And President Trump will not go to Tehran so they have to meet now,” Macron said during a meeting with Rouhani and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, according to a UK press pool report.
Johnson concurred, the report added, saying: “I think I agree with Emmanuel. You need to be on the side of the swimming pool and jump at the same time.”
On September 22, French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian told reporters that his country’s main aim at the UN General Assembly meeting was to de-escalate tensions between Iran and the US, rather than arranging a meeting between the two countries’ presidents.
“The meeting between (US) President (Donald) Trump and (Iranian) President (Hassan) Rouhani is not the number one subject,” the top French diplomat said.
“The priority subject is whether we can restart a de-escalation path with the different actors,” he added.
In recent months, Macron has taken the lead in a European effort to save the JCPOA and ease tensions between Washington and Tehran.
In May 2018, the US president withdrew his country from the multilateral deal, and re-imposed sanctions against the Islamic Republic.
Iran waited for a year to see if Europe can compensate for the US withdrawal; however, in May 2019 it finally decided to start scaling back its commitments under the nuclear deal.
France has offered a credit line of $15 billion, which will guarantee the sale of Iran’s crude oil, as an incentive to bring back Iran to the JCPOA. However, the offer has yet to be finalized.

Meanwhile, Rouhani and Johnson on Tuesday held talks on the sides of the UN General Assembly. They discussed Middle East developments, the JCPOA as well as international issues.
The British premier invited the Iranian president to London for closer bilateral talks, demanding progress in the case of British nationals detained in Iran.
Rouhani, Abe talk bilateral ties
Rouhani also held talks on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
The Iranian president referred to Abe’s recent visit to Tehran, and stressed swift implementation of agreements signed during the visit.

Earlier, Rouhani held talks with Macron, Swiss President Ueli Maurer and Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan.

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