To understand the scale of the military defeat of the United States and the powers of Europe by the Taliban in Afghanistan, one must necessarily examine the geographical location of Afghan territory between Central and South Asia. A key territory for the control of Asia, located at the most strategic crossroads of China and India’s access routes to the riches of the territories bordering the Black and Caspian Seas.
It is the hinge between the nuclear powers of India, Pakistan and China and, of course, a key point for the passage of oil and gas pipeline routes from the major energy sources of Iran, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan to China and India. It is also an important step for the development of the new Silk Road trade that will integrate the Chinese market with the rest of Asia and Europe.
It is also crucial for the outlets of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan to the Indian Ocean and vital for the strategic interests of China, Russia, Iran and India. Because of this mosaic of strategic aspects, control of Afghan territory has been coveted by all empires and powers since before the Christian era and remains key on the chessboard of the new world order.
The defeat of the US, Germany, the UK, France, Spain and allies such as India, Saudi Arabia and Israel marks a new scenario in international politics. On the one hand, a clear sign of the decline of the power of the United States and European NATO powers, whose troops left Afghan territory with their tails between their legs. On the other hand, the victory of the Taliban and their return to power is a victory for Pakistan and a further strengthening of the rising power of China and Russia, both in Asia and beyond, the two powers that challenge the United States for world domination.
The defeat of the US and its allies creates new scenarios in the great game for control of the world. Consequently, the “aid” announced by the European powers for Afghanistan is poisoned aid, given that it will not be aimed at stabilising the country, but rather at seeking to defend strategic interests by fomenting Islamic fundamentalist resistance groups.
The US and its allies will move to generate political instability in both Afghanistan and the rest of Central Asia in order to affect the strategic interests of the China-Russia-Iran axis. Their political stakes will be aimed at preventing the Chinese, Russians and Iranians from developing the energy policies of gas and oil pipelines and consolidating the new Silk Road projects in Asia.
It should not be forgotten that the CIA and the Pentagon finance Islamic fundamentalist organizations to defend their colonialist policies in Asia. They will use sanctions and freezing of funds against the Taliban government as a pressure mechanism to defend their strategic interests.
The Taliban’s return to power will be marked by three other scenarios that will be vital in the coming years. First, Afghanistan, as the world’s leading producer of heroin, will continue to play a decisive role in the illicit drugs market, a business controlled by forces allied with the CIA and the Pentagon, whose profits have been key to securing US interests in Asia and preponderant during the 20 years of occupation, as The Washington Post pointed out. Hence, they are now likely to use the profits from this nefarious business to generate more chaos by funding Islamic extremist tribal groups. The second aspect is that it has the world’s largest reserves of lithium and a large percentage of Asia’s rare earth wealth, two key resources for the mastery of new technologies in the world. Not to mention the wealth of copper, iron and mercury. Riches that will once again unleash imperial squabbles at the head of the Americans.
In conclusion: a complex political landscape lies ahead for the Taliban government in Afghanistan and other games of imperialist interests that will threaten the fragile stability in the Middle East and Central Asia. The situation in Afghanistan opens up new sources of tension between the US and China in the Strait of Malacca and the Indo-Pacific and South China Sea regions.