Egyptian and Turkish officials were meeting Wednesday for talks aiming to reset ties between the two regional powers after years of enmity.
It described the talks as “exploratory discussions” that would focus on “the necessary steps that may lead towards the normalization of relations between the two countries, bilaterally and in the regional context.”
The two-day “political consultations” between the two nations starting in Cairo were chaired by Hamdi Loza, Egypt’s deputy foreign minister, and his Turkish counterpart Sedat Onal. Egypt’s Foreign Ministry announced the meetings in a statement late Tuesday.
The statement did not elaborate.
Egypt and Turkey have been at loggerheads since the Egyptian military’s 2013 ouster of president from the Muslim Brotherhood group who enjoyed the support of Turkey. Egypt has designated such groups as terrorists.
Recently, top Turkish officials signaled a warming of ties with Egypt, a shift from their previous, sharply critical approach to the government of President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on March 12 that the two countries have held “intelligence, diplomatic and economic” contacts, adding that he hoped for “strong” ties between the two nations.
A week after Erdogan’s remarks, his government asked three Istanbul-based Egyptian TV channels, linked to the Muslim Brotherhood, to soften their critical political coverage of the Egyptian government. The TV channels immediately stopped broadcasting some political programs.
Egypt welcomed the move, calling it a “good initiative from the Turkish side that establishes a favorable atmosphere to discuss issues of dispute between the two nations.”
The two nations backed opposing side in the conflict in Libya. Cairo, as well as Greece and some other European countries, were angered by a 2019 Turkish regime deal with Libyan officials that aimed to boost Turkish maritime rights and influence in the eastern Mediterranean.
Egyptian officials say Turkey must take substantial steps toward “genuine” talks to mend ties. The steps include the departure of hundreds of Turkish troops and thousands of Syrian mercenaries brought to Libya by Turkey, as well as the handover of extremists wanted by Egypt on terror-related charges, they have said.
Egypt and Greece responded by signing a separate deal to delineate their maritime boundaries, a deal which Ankara rejected.