Israel’s far-right national security minister, Itamar Ben-Gvir, entered Al-Aqsa Mosque’s courtyards in occupied East Jerusalem on Tuesday, in a move bound to inflame tensions.
A video posted on social media shows Ben-Gvir touring the courtyards with a heavy security detail.
On Monday, the Palestinian movement Hamas warned Israel that it “won’t sit idly by” if the new security minister visits Al-Aqsa Mosque, as he vowed to do on Sunday.
Following his visit on Tuesday, Ben-Gvir said: “Our government will not surrender to threats from Hamas.
“The Temple Mount is the most important place for the people of Israel,” he said, using the Jewish name for the site.
‘Our government will not surrender to threats from Hamas’
– Itamar Ben-Gvir
“We maintain the freedom of movement for Muslims and Christians, but Jews also go up to the site, and those who make threats must be dealt with with an iron fist.”
Al-Aqsa Mosque is one of the holiest sites in Islam and the site of the Jewish temple destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE.
Since Israel occupied the site following the 1967 Middle East war, Jewish prayer at the site has been forbidden, though far-right settlers such as Ben-Gvir (some of whom want to demolish Al-Aqsa and replace it with a third Jewish temple) have frequently prayed there under strict security in recent years.
The Palestinian Authority’s foreign ministry, which is run by Hamas’ rival Fatah, said in a statement that it holds Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu “responsible for Ben-Gvir’s storming of Al-Aqsa and its consequences”.
It went on to add that it “strongly condemns the extremist minister Ben-Gvir’s storming of the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque and considers it an unprecedented provocation and a serious threat” to regional stability.
On Monday, Yair Lapid, who Netanyahu last week replaced as prime minister, slammed the planned visit, calling it a “deliberate provocation” that would result in people dying.
Lapid urged Netanyahu to restrain his new national security minister.
Initial reports in the Hebrew media indicated that Netanyahu and Ben-Gvir had agreed to postpone the visit. However, Netanyahu’s Likud party denied that such a request had been made.
Changing the status quo
Hamas spokesman Abd al-Latif al-Qanua said on Monday that the planned visit was “another example of the arrogance of the settler government and their future plans to damage and divide Al-Aqsa Mosque”.
Netanyahu’s sixth government, the most right-wing administration in Israel’s history, has said that its main guiding policy will be that “the Jewish people have an exclusive and indisputable right to all areas of the Land of Israel”, referring to the concept of “Greater Israel” that includes the occupied West Bank, East Jerusalem and other foreign lands.
“The Palestinian resistance will not allow the neo-fascist occupation government to cross the red lines and encroach on our people and our sanctities.”
This is not the first time that Ben-Gvir has stormed Al-Aqsa. In May last year, accompanied by his wife and son, Ben-Gvir posted a picture calling for the destruction of the site to “establish a synagogue on the mountain”.
When former Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon made a similar trip to the site in 2000, it sparked the Second Intifada Palestinian uprising.
According to data compiled by Middle East Eye, Israeli forces killed more Palestinians in the occupied West Bank in 2022 than in a single calendar year since the Second Intifada.
At least 220 people have died in Israeli attacks across the occupied territories, including 48 children. Of the total death toll, 167 were from the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and 53 were from the Gaza Strip.
An additional five Palestinian citizens of Israel have been killed in the same period. Meanwhile, Palestinians have killed at least 29 Israelis, including one child, the highest death toll since 2008.